H Αρχαία Ελεύθερνα (Πρινές) Του Δήμου Ρεθύμνης - Kriti traveller

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05 Σεπτεμβρίου 2022

H Αρχαία Ελεύθερνα (Πρινές) Του Δήμου Ρεθύμνης

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Αρχαία Ελεύθερνα (Πρινές) είναι σήμερα τοπική κοινότητα του δήμου Ρεθύμνης της περιφέρειας Κρήτης (πρόγραμμα Καλλικράτης). Από το 1999 έως το 2010 σύμφωνα με την τότε διοικητική διαίρεση της Ελλάδας ήταν έδρα του ομώνυμου δημοτικού διαμερίσματος του Δήμου Αρκαδίου. Ονομάστηκε έτσι λόγω της γειτνίασής του με τον αρχαιολογικό χώρο της Ελεύθερνας. Τα έτη 2005, 2006, 2007 και 2008 έλαβε βραβείο "καθαρότερου οργανωμένου παραδοσιακού οικισμού" από τη Νομαρχιακή Επιτροπή Τουριστικής Προβολής Ρεθύμνης

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Σύμφωνα με τον λεξικογράφο Στέφανο Βυζάντιο, το αρχικό όνομά της ήταν Σάτρα (πιθανότατα προέρχεται από τους αρχαϊκούς τύπους Σάταρα ή Σάτυρα, αλλά συναντάται και σε παραλλαγές: Σάωρος και Άωρος και στη συνέχεια μετονομάστηκε σε Απολλωνία, από τον πολιούχο θεό της πόλης Απόλλωνα, που έφερε και το προσωνύμιο Απόλλων Ελευθήρος και επικράτησε εν τέλει η ονομασία Ελεύθερνα (κατά μια άλλη εκδοχή το Ελεύθερνα προερχόταν από το προσωνύμιο της θεάς Δήμητρας Ελευθούς). Επίσης αναφερόταν και ως Ελευθέρα ή Ελευθεραί και Ελεύθερνα. Οι κάτοικοι αναφέρονταν ως: «Ελευθερνεύς» (ενικός) και «Ἐλευθερναῖοι» (πληθυντικός).

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